Chinese puppet government travel document
Harbin consulate general – 1943.
The Japanese established several Asian puppet states throughout of Asia during the 1930’s and World War Two:
- Mengjiang (Inner Mongolia);
- East Hebei Autonomous Council;
- Dadao (Shanghai) government;
- Reformed Government of the Republic of China;
- Provisional Government of China;
- Nanjing Nationalist Government;
- State of Burma;
- Second Philippine Republic;
- Empire of Vietnam;
- Kingdom of Cambodia;
- Kingdom of Laos.
These “states” were not recognized by the international community and only by the Axis, and some even had consulates opened in their countries for official representation, for example: Manchurian consulates and trade legations were open and active in Germany, Japan and even in China: Beijing & Shanghai.
The document here relates to the Reorganized National Government of the Republic of China (headed by former Guo Min Dang high official named Wang Jingwei). As being seen by the occupying Japanese as the legitimate government of China, and not the one run by the Nationalists, they permitted consulates to be established throughout their areas of influence, one of them was a consulate-general in Harbin, Manchuria.
The document dates from August 19th 1943, and is an official issued travel identity certificate, valid for a period of 3 months with the registration fee of 4 Yuan. 32 year old Yu used the document to return back home to Shandong, in mainland China. He transited through Dalian, were the water-police border inspection stamp was applied on October 15th. The entry or inspection mark is dated a day later.
(The top of the document is marked with GRADE B (种乙); this would imply that a higher type of travel document was also available as GRADE A (种甲)).
Though it is not in perfect condition, lacking the holder’s photo, it is still never the less a rare sample being issued by a puppet state and used to travel from Manchuria.
Enjoy the images of this WW2 Chinese travel document.
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