1950 Superb AMG Stateless passport
Allied Military Government travel document used for Israel.
Towards the end of World War Two the allied forces liberated areas that were originally under Axis rule, starting with northern Africa, moving on to Sicily, Italy France and ending with Germany (on the European continent).
Allies governed Germany, Austria, France, Italy & Trieste. Each one of those areas had special papers and documents, currency and stamps. They administrated a military type of rule and the governing body of this military administration was called the Allied Control Council.
Germany was divided into 4 separate zones, the Western zones run by the Americans, British and French and the eastern zone run by the Soviet Union. Each zone had its own movement permits and also an “Inter-zonal Travel Permit” and a “Zonal Travel Permit” for German nationals.
The occupiers in Germany issued travel documents for those under their control, for German nationals and for those who were now displaced or stateless that wanted either to return back to their home or find a new beginning elsewhere abroad. They began to issue them in 1946-1947 (printed several times) and another second version that appeared in 1948, this time not covered in a simple hard covered paper but with a green clothed cover for German nationals and a red clothed cover for the stateless/DP’s.
“Military Government for Germany” was the title on the first travel documents issued, and later issues had the issuing body changed several times, and we can find these examples: “Allied High Commission for Germany” and “French, United Kingdom and the United States Commandants in Berlin Allied Travel Office”.
The item here was issued to a stateless individual, and this was the 2nd version, printed in 1948, red clothed hard covers. Document No. 54,807 was issued at Munich to IRO refugee Sara Maler, native of Warsaw, wife of displaced camp magazine press reporter Jakob Maler, working for the “Our World” publication, supervised by the International Refugee Organization which even issued him special press credentials.
The item here is extra unique and special because it has the entry visa for the newly formed State of Israel, issued by the Israeli Immigration Officer stationed in Munich. The attached 2 Lira (Israeli pounds) first consular stamp sample is applied to this visa as well. She arrived in Israel twice during 1951, together with her young daughter Rachel.
This is a first time for me to find an attractive AMG refugee travel document together with an early Israeli visa placed inside.
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